Kokulis Blog, World Handicrafts
Vesak, the International Buddhist Day
Vesak Day is celebrated on the day of the full moon in May. This date has been recognised by the United Nations as the holiest day for millions of Buddhists around the world, as it coincides with the birth of the Buddha more than 2,500 years ago in 623 BC. It was also on this day of the full moon in May that Buddha attained enlightenment and also on the day of his death at the age of 80.
The Pasthuns: the story of a people and their tribes
The Pashtuns, historically known as Afghans, are an Iranian ethnic group originating in Central and South Asia. The Pashtuns originate from the territory comprising southern Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan (occasionally referred to as the Pashtunistan region), which is where most of the population resides. Significant and historical communities of the Pashtun diaspora exist in the Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan (particularly in the cities of Karachi and Lahore) and in the Rohilkhand region of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India (as well as in major cities such as Delhi and Mumbai).
Kantha: India's most valuable textile technique
Kantha (also spelled kanta, and qanta) is a type of embroidery craft in the eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, specifically in Bangladesh and in the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Odisha. And was almost never made for money. The embroidered cloth has many uses including shawls and bags, where the entire cloth is covered with running stitches, employing beautiful motifs of flowers, animals birds and geometrical shapes, as well as themes from everyday activities. The stitching on the cloth gives it a slightly wrinkled, wavy effect.
"Trade Beads", the token money of European Colonialists
Trade Beads, sometimes called "slave beads" are decorative glass beads used by European colonialists between the 16th and 20th century as a token money to exchange for goods, services and slaves (hence the name).
Shaligrama, the precious black stone of Vishnu
Shaligrama, the precious black stone of Vishnu Shalagrama shila also known as Shaligram refers to a particular variety of stone collected from river-bed or banks of the Gandaki River in Nepal, and are used as an non-anthropomorphic representation of Lord Vishnu. Thay are fossils of ammonite shells from the Cretaceous Period (400 to 66 million years ago). According to the Legend, it generated due to the following chain of events.
The Eight Auspicious Signs of Tibetan Buddhism
The Eight Auspicious Signs (also knows as Ashtamangalas) is a sacred suite of symbols, endemic to a number of religions, such as Buddhism and Hinduism. These symbols or "symbolic attributes" point to qualities of enlightened mindstream, and are the investiture that ornaments these enlightened "qualities".
Hand made tradition: how and where do the Wayuu bags come from
Located deep in the La Guajira desert, close to the Colombian and Venezuelan border, is a traditional, historical, indigenous community who are known as the people of the sun, sand and wind – the Wayuu tribe.
Tagua Nut Guide: South America’s Vegetable Ivory (Vegan, Sustainable)
The Tagua nut also known as Vegetable Ivory comes from a genus of palm trees known as Phytelephas Macrocarpa that are indigenous to the tropical regions of South America. These palms can live up to 180 years and grow to a height of about 8-10 meters and bear fruit after about 10 years in the form of tagua nuts ranging in size of a cherry to a grapefruit.
Yule: The Viking Predecessor Of The Contemporary Christmas Holidays
Christmas is one of the most important Christian holidays, being observed most commonly on the December 25 on all of the continents across the world. Nowadays, this holy celebration brings people together in many ways. However, what some people might not know about Christmas is that, if traced to its roots, this Christian holiday was initially celebrated by pagan Germanic peoples since Ancient times.
Samhain, the origins of Halloween
Halloween, also known as Hallowe'en or Allhalloween and All Hallows'Eve is a pagan holiday, of ancient Gaelic and Celtic tradition, that has come down to us, and known in Celtic society as Samhain. October 31, in effect, marked for the Celts the end of the harvest season and the beginning of the winter "the dark season" (ndr), the Samhain, which would derive from the Gaelic samhuinn and means "summer’s end", end of the summer. In Ireland, the festival was known as Samhein, or The Samon, the festival of the Sun.
The Thunderbird: the Great Sirit of Native Americans
The Thunderbird is a widespread figure in Native American Mythology in the United States and Canada. Described as a supernatural being, the enormous bird was a symbol of power and strength that protected humans from evil spirits.
Peshtemal: the best Turkish fabric
Peshtemal is a Persian word for these beautiful cotton fabrics used in Turkish Hammams. Also known as peshtamal, pestamal or pestemal these fabrics were a symbol of wealth in Ottoman culture, and the best quality fabrics were hand-woven in Antioch.
Tcherot: the amulet of the Saharian people
Tcherot: the amulet of the Saharian people The Tcherot are talismans, worn by the Tuareg of the Sahara and by other Berber people in the extreme south of Morocco and Western Sahara. They are supposed to bring luck and blessings (baraka) and drive away evil. The effectiveness of the talismans lies in their intrinsic power that is believed to come from the metal of which they are made (silver, iron, copper, brass), from their content and from their shape.
A brief history of the Celts You say Celts and immediately think of Ireland and Great Britain. In fact this connection has learned justifications, both historical and archaeological, even if the cradle of one of the peoples that between the IV and the I century B.C. scattered Europe along with the Romans and Germans, is to be found in a modest handful of territory that goes from the sources of the Rhine to those of the Danube, today distributed between Germany, France and Switzerland.
Greece and its Myths If we look today at the ancient myths with the benevolent eye of those who have now crossed certain boundaries and can afford to treat them as old fairy tales to tell to children before falling asleep, is because we are children of a long evolutionary process that has had science at its base. But once it was not so: every people built the foundations of its culture by elaborating mythological narratives and handing them down orally from generation to generation, so that they would become a common and specific heritage.
Brief history of the Pre-Columbians civilizations
Pre- Columbians: the first civilizationes In our collective imagination the first contact between Europens reaching the Americas and the Nativa tribes that lived in those territories depends on the representations that we have absorbed on this side of the Atlantic. Accoring to the European perspective we reached the other side of the Ocean bringing civilization and progress to tribes absolutely devoid of any significative cultural reference
The Runes: Origins and Meanings
Where do the Runes come from? Since childhood we are told that the alphabet is the "ABC", meaning the collection of the first three letters: something that happened also with the grecian word alfabeto: alfa y beta Following this same concept, the first spoken and written runic alphabet was called Futhark, using its firts letters: fehu, uruz, thurisaz, ansuz, raido and kaunan.
A brief history of the Vikings
The Vikings: the peoples of the North It is always about points of view: according to the populations interested in the commercial expansion of the Vikings between the centuries VIII and XI, they were ugly, rude, dirty and with a very bad temperament. On the other hand, if we read Nordic historians and the feats they report, we will have an image of handsome men, with culture, great sailors, athletes and expert negotiators.
Brief history of the Native Americans Tribes
Native Americans: the origins At the beginning they were called "Indians" or "Redskins", and finally, finding a politically correct definition, "Native Americans". As you can imagine, just the fact of having three different words to define the same reality, mens that there is no clarity at all on its origins and development.
The Medicine Wheel of Native Americans
Native Americans symbols: The Medicine Wheel In the tribes and cultures of the Southwest the Wheel of Medicine was the symbol of the power of the Knowledge of the secrets of the Universe, including men's spiritual and physical health. The Medicine Men, also known as Shamans, were thus the mediators between the source.of this Knowledge and Mankind.
Claddagh ring: origins and meaning
Claddagh ring: a ring to remember If you wish to take a souvenir from a trip to Ireland, you better not think of one of those classic wool sweaters, or one of those green gnomes living in the woods (the leprechaun). The best souvenir of Ireland is a Claddgh Ring: the traditional ring made by Irish goldsmiths in memory of a tradition and that today symbolizes the official engagement ring of Ireland.
Yggdrasil, the Tree of Life according to Norse mythology
The nine world of Yggdrasil, the Tree of Life Yggdrasil (o Yggdrasill) is an eternal ash, also called the Ash of the Universe in the myths of Norsmen. Its roots and branches keep the different world united: Asgard, Midgard,Helheim, Niflheim, Muspellheim, Svartalfheim, Alfheim, Vanaheim y Jötunheim. Its roots originate the spring that fills the well of knowledge, guarded by Mimir.
The Lotus flower and its importance in the Buddhist culture
The Lotus flower: Spiritual symbol of the Buddha In the Buddhist culture the Lotus flower means "spiritual and physical purity". The muddy water from where the flower emerges is associated to the attachment, and to carnal desires, while the immaculate flower that blossoms in this water symbolises the search for light and the promise of purity and spiritual elevation
Chichen Itzá: The secret of the Mayas
Chichen Itzá: the symbol of a Civilization In Yucatec (the Mayan language), Chichén Itzá means «mouth of the well of the itza», making a reference to the Sacred Cenote, the big natural well that the inhabitant of the region considered as the door to the Underworld, where the most important deities lived, as, for example, the Rain.